Academic

Latex Workshop 2019

What is LaTeX? LaTeX is a markup language to typeset documents. It excels at making math and the overall layout beautiful. Learn how to create top-notch academic papers. Explore all features with hands-on tutorials and code examples. For free. How Read more…

5G

5G physical layer specifications

The 5G specifications have been published as the 3GPP 38 series. Here we look at the physical layer specifications. 38.211: Physical channels and modulation The scope is to establish the characteristics of the Layer-1 physical channels, generation of physical layer signals Read more…

5G

How 5G reduces data transmission latency

One of the essential requirements in 5G wireless systems is minimizing packet transmission latency for ultra-reliable and low latency (URLLC) services. One of the most prominent examples will be vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications. V2X certainly includes reaching vehicles with broadband services, Read more…

5G

Introduction to Latency towards 5G

In developing wireless 5G standards, we have an opportunity to further reduce latency, the time delays, in future wireless networks.  In fact, there appears to be unanimous opinion that 5G standards should have less than 1 millisecond (msec) of latency.[1],[2],[3],[4] But Read more…

5G

5G new technology aspects

The total download capacity for a single 5G mobile cell must be at least 20Gbps, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has decided. In contrast, the peak data rate for current LTE cells is about 1Gbps. The incoming 5G standard must Read more…